· it helps the learners to construct their own

·        
Learning is a complicated,
measureable and relatively permanent change in behaviour attained through
experience, instruction or study. It is an internal activity and a key
personal development skill which can be modified through interaction with
different situations (CIE Resource-Learning Theories, 2014). Being a teacher,
my personal perception is that learning is dependent on a variety of factors
and it can take place in various ways. Some people learn through repetition
while others learn well after interacting with the real world through
experience. Sometimes learning is related to the behaviour of the learners
and sometime it is dependent on the cognition level of the learners. After
developing a sound understanding of the learning theories, I have realised
that constructivism is the core element in the learning process (Vygotsky and
Social Constructivism,  Jean Piaget
Constructivism, Bruner Constructivism) because it helps the learners to
construct their own understanding based on their existing knowledge and helps
to secure the new learning. I believe that the modified behaviour of the
learner also affects their learning. As a teacher, I have noticed and
experienced that different learners have different learning needs, styles and
preferences as they possess multiple intelligences (Gardner, 1983). I am now of
the point of view that the processes of teaching and learning are interlinked
and a teacher must modify her teaching strategies according to the learners’
level of understanding. I am responsible for the learning of my pupils and
know well that teaching can be effective when it is connected to real life
examples. It can be effective only when the learners are motivated to achieve
the set goals (Petty, 2014) as it requires active and constructive involvement
of the learners. The 5E’S (Engage, Explore, Explain, Elaborate, Evaluate)
also help in the learning process.
·        
As a teacher, I strongly believe
that the learners learn well if they are provided chances to construct their
own understanding through experience by means of different activities. I
believe that students and learners are a team where all the participants
should work together to achieve the set learning goals. Keeping in mind the
varied learning styles of the learners, I think all the activities should be
planned according to their needs and interests. This will result in engaging
the learners as well as aid in developing their thinking skills (CIE Resource-Experiential
Learning). Motivation and positive feedback help in building confidence in
the learners and make them enthusiastic to take an active part in all
learning activities (Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs, 1943). I think that learning
activities based on collaborative work can help the learners to take
responsibility of their own learning and create an environment of mutual
respect for one another (Vygotsky, 1978). As a teacher, I believe that the
learners learn well if they connect their prior knowledge to the new content
which helps them to build new knowledge on the basis of the old one. I also
feel that the students learn well and feel confident if they share their
ideas with their peers through class discussions, presentations and debates
etc. Graphic organizers also help to grab the interest of the learners and to
motivate them to work enthusiastically by providing them a concrete hands-on
activity (Petty, 2014). I believe that group activities, graphic organizers,
hand-on activities, use of ICT, positive and timely feedback and scaffolding
are the basic tools that help to make the learning meaningful.
·        
Assessment is the process of
gathering and using information from multiple and diverse sources in order to
develop better understanding of what students know, understand and can do
with their knowledge as a result of their educational experiences (Huba and
Fareed, 2000). It makes the learning visible and helps the learners to move
on in their learning. There are two major types of assessments used in the
classroom. Formative assessment is carried out during the learning and helps
to form the learners’ learning and to look forward to what they will do with
their learning. The purpose of formative assessment or Assessment for
Learning is to monitor or support the learners’ learning and to motivate them.
The purpose of summative assessment is to judge the quality and
characteristics of the student’s learning and summarize these in a clear and
widely acceptable format at the end of an academic year. Although both these
types are equally important during the learning process, but the form of
assessment I use to judge the level of understanding of my pupils and make
quick decisions to step forward is formative assessment. I also believe that
assessment without timely and positive feedback can’t work effectively
(Hattie, 2014). It is because the feedback helps in achieving the learning
goals and to set new ones. It helps in motivating and raising self-esteem of
the learners and in achieving the learning outcomes. It provides concrete
opportunities to close the gaps between current and desired performance and
shapes the future learning (CIE Resource-Assessment). I also use summative
assessment at the end of a session of learning to evidence what the students
have actually learned. The need is to be active and constructive while taking
decisions about the purposes of the assessment and the content that is to be
assessed.

Word limit:800 words

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