1. ??? ??????????? ?????? ??? ??? ??????????? ???????????. ???????

 

1. ????????.

??????????
?? ???????????? (?????? ??? ????????), ?? ???????????? ?????? ????????????
??????? (???? ?????, ?????? ?????, ?????, ??????? ?????????, ?.?.), ???? ???
?????????? ?????????????? ??? ???? ????????. ???????????? ???????? ?? ???????
???????????, ????? ?? ??????? ?? ????????? ??????? (Gold & Roth,1993).

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??????????? ???????????? ????????? ?? ??? ?????? ? ?? ??? ?????? ???
???????????? ??????????? ???????????, ???????? ????? ??? ??????????????? ???
???? ???????? ??? ????????? ???????????? ?? ????? ???????, ??? ??? ?? ?????
????? ?? ????????????? ?????.

????
??????? ???????, ???????????? ??? ????????????? ?????????? ??? ??? ???????
????????? ???????? ?????????? ??????? (????????? ??? ?????), ??? ??? ????? ???
?????????????? ?????? ??? ????????????? ??? ??? ??????????? ??????????? ???, ??
????? ??? ????????? ??? ??????? ????. ?????, ?? ????????????? ??? ???????
????????? ??? ???????? ????????, ??????????? ?? ????????????? ?????????????
???????????, ?? ?????? ?? ??? ????????? ??? ????????? ??? ??? ??????????? ???
??????????? ?????? ??? ??? ??????????? ?????????? ??? ????? ??? ???????????
????????????? ???????.

 

2. ????? ?????????????? ?????? ???
????????????? ??? ?? ??????????? ??????????? ???.

2.1. ????? ?????????????? ??????
?????????????.

?? ?????
??? ?????????????? ?????? ??? ????????????? ????? ??????????? ??? ????????????.
H ?????????? ??? ?????????????? ???? ??? ??????? ?? ??? ???? ????? ??? ?????
???? ??????????????.  ????????? ???
?????????? ??? ??????????? ???????? (Kyriacou,2001). 

? Borg
(1990) ??? ? Kyriacou (1998) ????? ?????????? ?? ?????????????? ????? ??????
??? ????????????? ???? ?????????? ??????: ?????????? ???????????? ??? ???????
??? ?????????? ??? ?????????? ??? ??? ????????? ???? ??? ?????? ??? ???
?????????? ????, ????? ?????? ??? ?????? ????????, ???????????? ?????????????
??????? – ???????????, ?????? ?? ???????????, ????????? ??? ??????? ?????,
?????????? ??? ??????, ???????????? ??? ????????? ????, ?????????? ???
????????? ?????????, ?????? ???????? ????????.

?????????,
?? ????????? ??????, ?? ??????? ????????????? (???? ??? ???? ?? ???????),
????????? ?? ????????????? ???? ???????? ???? ???, ?????? ????? ??? ??? ?????
??? ???????? ???????????, ???????? ??? ??????????? ?????? ??? ??? ???????????
???????????. ??????? ?? ?????? ??? ????????o? ?????????? ??? ??? ???????? ???
??? ????? ???? ??????? (E.A.S.H.W.,2008), 
????? ????????? ?????? ???????????? ?????? ?? ??????? ??? ????????????
?????, ? ??????? ????????, ? ???? ????? ?? ???? ??????, ? ??????? ???????????
?????, ?.?.

????????????
??????????? ?????????? ??? ???? ??????? ?????????????? ????? ? ?? ???????
?????????? ???????, ? ??????? ??????? ??????? ??? ????, ? ?????????? ???????
??????????? ??????????, ? ?????????? ????????? ????? ???????????, ? ?????????
????? ??? ?? ?????????? ???????, ?.?. (????????,2005).

 

2.2. ??????????? ??????????? ??????????????
??????.

?
?????????? ??? ??????????? ??? ?????????????? ?????? ??????? ?? ???? ???????:

?.
????????????? (?????? ??? ?????? ????? ???????????? ??? ??? ????????????
??????????),

?.
???????????? (???????? ??????? ?????????? ??? ???????????? ???? ??????? ?
???????? ??????????? ??? ?????? ??? ??????????) , ???

?.
????????? – ??????????? (??????????? ???????? 
– ???????????? ??????????? ??????????? ?????? ??? ???????? ?????????,
?????????? ?????? ??????????? ???????????, ?? ????? ?? ?????????? ?? ????? ???
?? ????????? ?? ????? ?? ?? ??????????).

 

2.3. ???????????? ???????????.

??
????????????? ????? ??? ????????? ????????? ???? ?????????????? ??? ???????? ??
????????? ??????, ???? ?????????? ?????????? ??????????? ??????? ??????
?????????, ???? ??? ??????????? ?????????? ???. ?????? ??????? ????? ????? ???
??? ????? ??? ?????? ??? ?????????????, ???? ??????? ?????????? ?????? ???
????????? ???????, ????? ?????????? ?????????? ??????????, ???? ??? ???????
????????????? ?????????? ??? ?????? ???. ? ????????? ??? ??????? ??? ??????????
???????, ????? ????????? ??? ?? ??? ???????? ?? ??????????? ??? ??????????
?????? ????????? ?? ??? ????? ??? ?????????????? ?????? ??? ????????????? ???
???? ????????? ??? ?????????????? ??????????? ??????????? ??? ???????????
??????????, ?? ????? ????? ?? ???????? ??? ????????????? ?????? ???
????????????? ??? ?? ?????????? ?????????????????? ??? ??????????? ??????????
????????? ????.

 

3. ????????????? ??????????.

3.1. ??????? – ???????????? ?????????? ???
?????????? ???????.

????
???????????? ?? Antoniou, Polychroni & Vlachakis (2006), ?? ??????? ??? ?????????? ?????? ??? ????????????? ??? ???
????????????? ??????????? ????? ?????, ???? ?????? ????, ??????? ?????????????
??????? ??????? ???? ?????? ??? ????? ????????? ?? ???? ?? ??????????. ??
???????????? ??? ?? ???? ??????? ?? ????????? ???? ???????? ???????????????
???????????? ???????? ??? ?????? ??????????? ????? ?? ??? ?? ?????? ??? ??
????????, ?? ???????? ??? ?? ??????????? ????????????? ??????????????? ?? ?????
???? ???????.

??  Alexander – Stamatios Antoniou, Ploumpi, Ntalla (2013) , ??????????????? ???? ??????????? ??? ?????? ?? ???????????
????? ??? ?? ????????? ??? ??? ???????? ?????????? – ???????????? ????????????
???????? ??? ?????????? ??????.

??
?????????, ??????? ??? ????????????, ?????? ?????, ????????? ??? ????? ???
???????????? ??? ??????????? ??????????????? ??? ????????????? ??? ????????????
??????????? ??? ????? ????????, ?? ?? ??????? ??? ??????, ??? ???????? ???
??????????? ?????????? ??? ??? ??????? ??? ??? ??????????? ??????????? ???
?????????.

?????,
?? ?????? & ?????????? (2013-2014), ?????????? ?????? ?????, ??? ????? ???
?? ??????? ??? ?????????????? ?????? ??? ??? ??????????? ?????????? ????? ???
??? ?????? ???? ???????????, ??????????? ??????? ????????? ???????? ???
?????????.

 

3.2. ?????????? ?????????.

??
?????????? ????????? ??? ?? ????????? ??? ????????? ??? ?? ?????????
????????????? ??? ?? ???? ??????? ??? ??????? ??? ??????? ??????? ?????:

??? ????
Antoniou et al., ? ?????????? ??? ????? ??? ??? ???????? ??? ?????????? ??????
??? ??????? ????????????? (???????????? ??? ?????????????? ???????????).
????????? ??? ????????????? ???????????? ?????? ???? ????? ??????? ??????, ???
??? ?? ??????????? ?????????? ???? ??? ??????, ???????? ????????? ??? ???????
??? ??????.

??
Alexander – Stamatios Antoniou et al., ????????? ??? ???????? ???????? ???
??????? ??? ?????????????? ?????? ?????? ??? ????????????? ??? ????????
????????, ???? ??? ?????? ?????? ??? ????????. ???????????, ??? ??
????????????? ?? ???????? ?????? ?????????? ?????????, ?? ????????????
????????? ??????? ?????? ??? ???? ?????????????? ?? ??????? ????????
???????????. ????????????, ????????? ??? ?? ??????????? ??????????? ??? ??????
??? ????????? ?? ????????????? ????????? ??? ??????????? ?? ??????? ??
?????????? ?? ????????? ?????.

????
?????? ??? ????????? ?.???., ?? ?????????? ????????? ??????????? ?? ???
?????????? ??? ?????????????? ?????? ??? ?????????????, ??? ???????????
?????????? ??? ??? ???????, ??? ?????????? ??? ?????? ??? ???? ???????
??????????? ???, ???? ?????? ??? ?? ?? ?????????? ??? ?????? ?????? ????? ?? ??
??????????? ??? ?? ?????????? ?????????????? ??? ????????????? ??? ???????????
???? ??????.