1.How human-being to perfected the surgical technique and many

1.How Animal testing benefits us from kidney failureAn average of 5,000 people will develop kidney failure every year and one-third of people with kidney failure would had pass away without a regular dialysis or kidney transplant. Animal experiments Joseph E. Murray and a few scientists were involved an experimentIn order to master those surgical technique for organ transplantation, it was carried out on pig and dogs in 1950’s. However, after the surgical technique was perfected. Rejection of new organ became the major problem.That’s when Cyclosporine came in and deal with it. It was discovered in 1972, which is extracted from a type of fungus, And was tested on mice and found that it helps to prevent the rejection of a new organ in mice. Thereafter, was tested on dogs that have undergone organ transplant, thus resulting in a 3 times increase in survival rate thanks to Cyclosporine.What’s animal testing has done for humans? Without animal testing, it would be impossible for human-being to perfected the surgical technique and many more would had pass away without surgery.With the help of animal testing, around 16,000 kidney patients benefited from kidney transplants each year, without the need to go for regular dialysis anymore.2. How Animals testing benefits us from cancerResearch show that every 1 out of 10 women will diagnosed with breast cancer in their lifetime. Animal experimentsStudies in animal testing has show that hormone changes can influence the breast tumors cells in rats. Which led to development of Tamoxifen which was discovered in 1967After further experiment with animal testing, it show a positive result of preventing the growth of cancers cellsWhy animals?Animal testing is a way where human can do research and find cure for a illness before testing it on humanBy using animals in cancer research, by growing human tumour cells in laboratory cell cultures.Without animal testing it is impossible to show that the cell culture results were relevant and reliable to humans and will respond to the same drugs in the patientsWhat’s it done for humans?With the help of animal testing, scientist was able to find a treatment for breast cancer. Today, breast cancer is of one the second most survivable female cancer, with a increase of 77% in survival rate.Tamoxifen was introduced in the 90s, is a medication that is used to help prevent and treat breast cancer in women or men by stopping the growth of hormone breast cancer cells, which had lead to 30% decrease in death rates from breast cancer. Today Tamoxifen has proven that it can help to prevent breast cancer in high-risk women.http://www.understandinganimalresearch.org.uk/about-us/science-action-network/forty-reasons-why-we-need-animals-in-research/https://www.crueltyfreeinternational.org/why-we-do-it/arguments-against-animal-testinghttps://animal-testing.procon.org/Animal studies, mainly rats and mice, have also been crucial in the development of monoclonal antibody treatments such as Herceptin.2 reasons against argumentRelying on animal research and testing to improve and protect human health is not only unsafe, but also expensive, time-consuming, and unreliable. All organisms are different in many ways, such as the way our organs function,drug absorption rate and metabolism rate.Many claim that ,”experimenting on animals have greatly contributed to medical advances.”Unfortunately, although our closest animal relatives are chimpanzees where we share 98% of our genes, researching on them are not fully reliable. For example, according to an article from the Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine, it concluded that this statement was not supported by any evidence. Most experiments on animals are not relevant to human health because they do not meaningfully contribute to medical advances. What’s worse is many experiments are carried out simply because of curiosity.The only reason people have this misconception that animal research help humans is because of social media, experimenters and universities exaggerating the potential animals have to find new cures and the role they’ve played in past medical advances. Are you aware that 95% of cancer drugs failed during clinical testing after entering human’s body ,even though millions of animals have been used and billions of taxpayers’ money were used for cancer research?Hence, the differences among humans and animals may have given us wrong and insufficient information of our human diseases and drug reactions.Additionally, according to Dr. Richard Klausner, the former Director of the National Cancer Institute said that they have successfully cured cancers in mice for decades but still failed in humans. The Food and Drug