Organizational politics might not be always negative or dirty. The politics could be more ethical and positive in nature. There are benchmarks by which we can ascertain the rightness or wrongness of political actions. Three approaches to moral issues:-
1. Utilitarian approaches. The behavior is judged by the overall welfare (for employees, stakeholders etc.). It is based on the greatest good for greatest number of people. This encourages efficiency and productivity, it’s quite similar to business ideas of profit maximizations and fair audits, and also the influence goes beyond the individual and rather focusses on all aspects of the organization and constituents. Though it is virtually very difficult to achieve the greatest good for all
2. Approaches based on rights. These emphasize the personal entitlements of individuals. To check if any personal right’s like right of free consent or free speech or right to privacy, conscience, due concern are not violated for any individual. Protects the individual from any kind of harm and establishes spheres of freedom and privacy also establish norms of social behavior that are independent of outcomes. The negative could be that this might propagate a more self-centered and individualistic approach.
3. Approaches based on justice – the fair distribution of benefits and burden. Ensures that all resources are fairly distributed and there is no dominance of status or class and protects the rights of people who do not get adequate representations in organizations. One weakness could be it can encourage a sense of entitlement that reduces risk, innovation, and productivity in an organization.
Rules based on the above approach help in treating employees fairly, and not hurting specific interests of people associated with the organizations in any capacity. It helps political inclinations be more diplomatic and fair rather than dirty or in bad taste for individuals.