Abou 44). This shows us how even in the

Abou Abbas, Mohammad

January 17, 2018

We Will Write a Custom Essay Specifically
For You For Only $13.90/page!

order now

Language Arts Period 5

Science Fiction/Fantasy Book Report

Title of Book: Wonderful Wizard of OZ

Author: L. Frank Baum

Authors’ Biographical Information: Lyman Frank Baum was born on May 15, 1856, in a city in New York called Chittenango. In his early life Frank Baum had a very happy childhood as the son of a barrel factory owner. Lyman never liked his first name because he was named after his uncle, so soon after he wanted to be called by his middle name Frank. In his early ages Frank didn’t go to school but got tutored at home, then at the age of 12 he went to Peekskill Military Academy. Two years later Baum left early because of a heart condition he started suffering from. Baum never had a high school degree and went on exploring the acting and writing industry. In 1882 Baum got married to Maud Gage and had 4 children together. In the early years Frank published a children book series called Mother Goose in Prose which became one of the top selling children books in 1899. Frank then introduced to the world the Wizard of OZ series which included 14 full length books. When Frank Baum died in 1918 due to a gall bladder surgery which he never recovered from, but even though he died his characters lived on teaching young children the true meaning of friendship.

Publisher: Barnes & Noble Books

Date Published: 2005





Dorothy is a young lady who lives in Kansas with her Aunt Em and Uncle Henry until the day a violent wind grabs her home, taking her miles away and dropping her in a peculiar

nation. Dorothy is an overcome young lady and when the house is twirling into the sky she soon

settles in to perceive what will occur next. She doesn’t perceive any need to fear and just pauses,

in the long run notwithstanding sleeping while the house is flying near. When she arrives, she

acknowledges the general population and nation as they yet long constantly for her home,

in spite of the fact that Kansas is dark and inauspicious contrasted with the Land of Oz.When she arrives at Oz her mind is set to go back home because as Dorothy said, “No matter how dreary and gray our homes are, we people of flesh and blood would rather live there than in any other country, be it ever so beautiful. There is no place like home” (Baum 44). This shows us how even in the beginning Dorothy is set to go home even if she lives in a grey and sad place. She longs to go back to her home and her family because to her there is no place like home. That’s why Dorothy did everything she could to go back home.

The Scarecrow

Literally a scarecrow, he is able to talk and walk as if he were a human. He feels that he must be stupid because he doesn’t have any brains and he sets out to the Emerald City with Dorothy in his quest to get brains. The Scarecrow believes he doesn’t have intelligence because he doesn’t have the physical brains in his head. However, he is the one who solves many of their problems along the journey. Ironically, he doesn’t realize that learning takes time and that he’s becoming more intelligent and able to work out problems as each day passes. The Scarecrow is deeply loyal to his friends, especially to Dorothy. Even though he says, “My life has been so short that I really know nothing whatever” (Baum 36). Even though he was created yesterday through his journey he learns a lot because he doesn’t know that learning takes time and day by day he gets smarter. He helps Dorothy from danger and that shows how loyal he is to Dorothy, and that why he cares about her dearly. That’s why whenever his group comes up on a challenge he is the one that thinks of a way out of it ultimately making him have brains but he doesn’t realize it.

The Tin Woodman

            He was once a human who angered an old crone so that she enchanted his axe. The

Woodman’s ax then chopped off his legs, arms, and head. Finally, it chopped his body

in half. With each chop, the body part was replaced by a tin part until his entire body

was tin.  When he turned to tin he forgot about his love because he doesn’t have feelings anymore.  The Woodman no longer has an actual heart, and he believes that makes him

heartless in the emotional sense of the word. The even sadder thing is, a year before Dorothy and the Scarecrow found him in the woods, he got caught in a rainstorm and rusted into place and couldn’t move. While being frozen in one place for a year he had time to think about love and loss, and after thinking he wants a heart because he is tired of being heartless and wants to love again. While the group was walking to get to the Land of Oz the Tin Woodman steeped on a beetle without noticing, “as he walked along he wept several tears of sorrow and regret” (Baum 52). The Tin woodman also cried when they got separated. So that’s how it shows that from the inside he does have a heart and is a softy, but he doesn’t realize it until he gets an actual heart that the wizard gave him made out of made out of silk and sawdust.


The Lion

A lion, who believes himself to be a coward, is actually just a normal lion who mistakes

feelings of uncertainty for cowardice. The Lion is dedicated to Dorothy and the others

and stands up for them, overcoming his fears, when they are in danger. In the beginning of their trip the lion shows bravery and courage by protecting them and getting them out of danger when they come across it. When they go to a tremendous dump that is hindering their way, he hops crosswise over with the explorers on his back. Not long after from that point forward, when he and his companions are being pursued by horrible mammoths, he’s set up to make a last stand, “But stand close behind me, and I will fight them as long as I am alive” (Baum 59). That act that lion showed was quite brave and it showed that he is not a coward, but he still feels he is a coward. It also shows how the lion would risk his life for his friends which shows how loyal he is to them. All things considered, the Lion needs certainty until the point when he gets a drink of courage from the Wizard of Oz. In spite of the fact that the drink is just a fake treatment, the Lion gets a moment dosage of confidence, pronouncing that he feels loaded with strength. At last, he feels more sure about what he’s been doing from the start.

The Wizard

            The man who was a balloonist and ventriloquist from Nebraska until he found his way to

the country where he called for the construction of the Emerald City. He is actually a

fraud who fears the witches because they have true magical powers. He is able to help

the Scarecrow, Tin Woodman, and Lion with their requests and might have helped

Dorothy return to Kansas if she had been with him in his balloon. He is fearful of the wicked witches, but he is also fearful of the people discovering that he’s actually a fraud. When the group returns from killing the wicked witch of the west, the wizard was exposed as a fraud,

“I’m really a very good man; but I’m a very bad Wizard, I must admit” (Baum 131). He has tricked everyone that he was a powerful Wizard, but he is not. The thing is that he is a good man because new that the Lion, Scarecrow, and Tin Woodman all have self-esteem problems; he gives them the fake heart, brain, and courage even though they had it all along within them. After all that has happened the Wizard came out to be a fraud but a good man in the heart.

The Wicked Witch of the West

            The Wicked Witch of the West is a cruel witch that holds a race of people as her slaves. As the group walked along trying to get to the witch, she sees them and summons the monkeys and says, “Go to those people and tear them to pieces” (Baum 98). All through whatever is left of what might turn out to be her short life, the insidious witch is comparably terrible. For a certain something, she tries to kill Dorothy four more circumstances. What’s more, when that doesn’t work, she figures out how to oppress the young lady. At the same time, she harbors serious envy of Dorothy, whose silver shoes have extraordinary forces. She plots to take them, going so far as to trip Dorothy to thump one of the shoes off. Be that as it may, underneath this altogether repulsive outside, the witch is a feeble, frightened lady. She is killed when she steals one of Dorothy’s shoes, prompting Dorothy to throw water on her in anger which melts her and kills the last wicked witch in the land of Oz.

Glinda the Good

 Glinda the Good is the good witch of the South. As Dorothy describes her, “beautiful and young to the eyes” (Baum 166).  She is kind and beautiful. When Dorothy enters her kingdom, she asks for the Golden Hat and plans to set the Winged Monkeys free once she’s asked them to transport the Woodman, Lion, and Scarecrow to their appropriate homes. She is also the one who tells Dorothy how to return to Kansas. At the end, it shows how even though she had powers she doesn’t need to use them.


Realization of the Theme

            From the beginning when Dorothy landed in Oz she wanted to go home; back to her aunt and uncle and the greys of Kansas. Her drive to go home drives the action through the book with her doing things she would have never done. When her comrades ask her why doesn’t she stay with them in beautiful Oz she always tells them that she misses home and want to go back. Even though where she lives is a boring grey place it’s here home and where she grew up in and she can never let that go. Throughout her adventures to go back home the reader will realize that what Dorothy’s goal is which is to go back home and back to her family. As Dorothy says, “there is no place like home” (Baum 35). Dorothy’s perspective, a noteworthy topic of the content, and the basic, country values that Baum embraced. It may appear to be unusual that Dorothy needs to come back to the distressing and dormant Kansas prairie, particularly in light of the miracles of Oz; however, she does to sure comprehend that this fairyland isn’t her home and she has commitments to her close relative and uncle. She isn’t influenced by the place that is known for Oz to the degree that she needs to live there; she comprehends her foundations and her character lie back in Kansas. Dorothy shows the reader that under no circumstance that anything else is better than home because home is the place you feel the safest in. It’s the place where you grew up and where all your loved ones are that’s why there is no place like home because home is where you came from and you always have to stay true to that.


Ø  Man vs. Nature: While Dorothy was enjoying her day in Kansas a huge cyclone came through their house. As she wasn’t able to get into the cellar she was stuck in the house. “The house whirled around two or three times and rose slowly through the air” (Baum 15). That was the first obstacle that Dorothy faced because soon she would realize that she is floating away. The cyclone goes on and carries Dorothy through the land and then she goes to sleep waking up in the land of Oz. The cyclone represents how Dorothy came against nature and how nature took her away. That was a big conflict that Dorothy had because that is what started her adventure to get back to Kansas.

Ø  Man vs. Man: To get back to Kansas Dorothy needed to kill the Wicked Witch of West so that there are no more Witches in the land. She and her group go to the west to try to kill the Witch, but Dorothy doesn’t want to kill anyone. The Witch takes away her friends and dumps the scarecrow  and the tin man. The witch enslaves Dorothy because she wants her shoes that will make her the most powerful witch in the land. When the Witch takes one of Dorothy’s shoes she gets mad and wets the Witch from head to toe.  The Witch says, “Didn’t you know water would be the end of me” (Baum 127). Even though Dorothy didn’t mean to kill the Witch, but she did and defeated her enemy. The Witch was the main conflict that Dorothy had to face to get back to Kansas because if she didn’t kill her she would not have gone back to Kansas. The ironic thing is that Dorothy never knew that water would kill the Witch but she threw the bucket just because she was mad and killed the Witch.



            The story begins and ends in Kansas which is a real place. The descriptions of the

setting is quite limited as she does not give a big discerption about Kansas, focusing mainly on the house where Dorothy lives with her aunt and uncle. Dorothy explains how “she could see nothing but the great prairie on either side” (Baum 13). This shows how dry and grey Kansas was because there was no one around them just flat land with empty fields. The sun baked everything on the ground the houses turned grey and cracked the paint. Even the grass on the land was burned by the sun. This shows you how dull Kansas was and that even though it was dull Dorothy still wanted to go back to dull Kansas.


            The majority of the story happens in Oz, a fictitious place that exists on Earth but is cut

off from every other part of the world so that only chance brings Dorothy and the Wizard

to this land. Oz is said to be an extremely lovely place, the equivalent of which has never been found even in other charmed nations. Oz’s excellence and appearance is not at all like some other land seen as outcasts. It is a place loaded with perpetual blue skies and everlasting Rainbows. There are likewise numerous beautiful dells, seething waterways, profound lakes and open knolls at each turn in Oz. Fields and profound values are loaded with a wide range of sorts of appealing blooms, buttercups, and tropical plants. Various little creeks of clear icy shimmering water gone through the verdant banks of greensward and brilliant winged creatures and vivid butterflies are seen rippling in the brambles and flying from tree to tree. What’s more, the trees and shrubberies all uncovered numerous delectable and ready natural products, and nuts and full berries. When Dorothy first came out of the house she called the land, “a country of marvelous beauty” (Baum 21).  Even though it was a land of marvelous beauty Dorothy rapidly discovers that Oz is a place past standards since it has never been enlightened. Similarly, as there are great witches and evil witches, the land itself appears in a position of extremes. It’s occasionally wonderful and now and again dim and appalling, however, it’s continually fascinating. Also even though the land is beautiful Dorothy still is homesick and wants to go back to Kansas the minute she arrives in Oz.




There is No Place Like Home

            Dorothy’s quest to find her way home drives the majority of the action from the moment of her arrival in Oz. One of the first things Dorothy says is that she wants to return to her Aunt Em and Uncle Henry. As Dorothy says, “There is no place like home” (Baum 35) It’s that desire that sets her on the way to the Emerald City in the first place, which brings her to meet the Scarecrow, Lion, and Woodman. When Dorothy and the others are told to kill the Witch of the West, she doesn’t want to but feels she has no choice because it’s the key to having the Wizard send her home. Once she discovers the Wizard is a fraud but has a plan to set out in a balloon, Dorothy doesn’t hesitate to say she’ll go with him. When that falls through, Dorothy sets out on yet another dangerous journey in order to reach Glinda the Good, hoping that this will be the key to returning home. Once Dorothy realizes she has the power to return home, she’s faced with a decision. She has become close friends with her three companions. She compares the beauty of Oz to the stark landscape of Kansas. She might have remained in Oz among her new friends; but,

once she realizes she has the power to return home, she pauses only long enough to

bid her friends farewell before using the silver shoes to return to Kansas where her Aunt

Em and Uncle Henry are waiting.



The Scarecrow, Tin Woodman, and Lion become close friends with each other and with

Dorothy over a relatively short period of time. The bonds are forged almost as soon as

they meet, and the trials they endure make their friendships stronger. Even when the group goes to a house to sleep, “the Lion guarded the door of her room so she might not be disturbed” (Baum 96). This friendship drives some of the action of the book because each wants to ensure the others are safe and happy. When Dorothy and the Lion are being held captive by the Wicked Witch of the West, Dorothy sneaks out each night to take food to the Lion. She also spends time

with him, seeking the comfort of his company as they look for a way to escape. When Dorothy and the Lion are finally freed, they go in search of the Woodman and the Scarecrow, a sign of their devotion to the friendship. Another important aspect of this theme is seen in the fact that the Scarecrow, Tin Woodman, and Lion travel with Dorothy until she leaves Oz, despite the fact that each of the three could have remained in other places. When the friends save the Winkies, they ask the Tin Woodman to remain and be their leader. When the Wizard leaves in his balloon, he instructs the people of the Emerald City to obey the Scarecrow as their leader. When the Lion saves the animals in the forest, they call on him to be their leader. Each accepts the role of

leader, but all travel on with Dorothy, insisting they want to ensure she finds her way

home before they leave her.

Faith in One’s Abilities

            The Scarecrow, Tin Woodman, and Lion each believe they are lacking in specific traits

though each of them exhibit those traits throughout the story. The Tin Woodman

believes that he isn’t capable of love and compassion because he doesn’t have a heart.

His definition of the word “heart” refers to the physical organ inside the human body.

However, he is so compassionate that he cries when he steps on a bug. He believes

that once he has a heart he won’t have to work so hard at being compassionate and

caring. He simply fails to recognize love and compassion in himself, possibly because

he no longer has a physical body that reacts to those emotions. Once the Wizard gives

him a heart, the Woodman recognizes that he exhibits compassion and love. The

Scarecrow believes he is incapable of intelligence because he doesn’t have physical

brains. As he said, “Brains are the only thing worth having in this world, no matter whether one is a crow or a man” (Baum 47). The Wizard points out that most intelligence comes from experience and that the Scarecrow is quickly learning as he continues to live each day. The Scarecrow is the one who comes up with solutions to several of their problems but doesn’t have faith in his continually-expanded knowledge until the Wizard fills his head with a new material. The Lion believes he is lacking in courage because he sometimes fears. He doesn’t realize that fear is a natural reaction to danger. However, when his friends are in danger, he steps up to fight for them, seeking to protect them despite the danger. He doesn’t recognize his actions as courage until after he drinks the potion from the Wizard, and then he believes the potion is responsible, failing to realize he’d had that kind of courage all along. The most important thing is that the things that all the characters wanted they already had, but they have not unlocked the true meaning of the thing they want.

What Makes this a Science Fiction Fantasy: What makes this book a fantasy is that all the events that unfold take place in a magical world cut off from the real world, like it’s another dimension.  Also in normal fiction book there aren’t talking animals and live scarecrows, that only happens in fantasy books. Also like a fantasy that magical world has its own set of rules that need to be followed. Also fantasy have many themes that teach readers important things in life and this book surely has a lot of them which makes it even more interesting. Also what is a fantasy without jokes and that’s what gives this book the fun read and not like you are reading a sad story. That’s why this book is a Fantasy.



What Did You Think of the Book?

            This book was one of the more enjoyable books I have read because just when you start reading the first line you are immersed in the story and it is like you are inside of it. This book contained a lot of magical things and creatures which made even more interesting to read. This book is a page turner for sure and these are the types of book I like to read because they are enjoyable and they teach a lot of important life morals that you should have to make you a better person. The author of this book did a great job of arranging the plot and making it understandable to me the reader also his use of words that made the scene a lot more enjoyable to read. Overall this book is phenomenal and I would read it again if I ever have to because it is that worthy.

Statement of Completion: I Mohammad Abou Abbas have completed the reading that I was assigned to do a report on, and understood the book to its full extent.