AbstractThe women in An extortion lead crime xxEven as

AbstractThe participation of women in movements in India has been xx since pre independence. Albeit restricted access, women in An extortion lead crime xxEven as women stood firmly united against the inhuman atrocities meted out to their fellow citizens, demanding transformation in societal structures, amendments in law and advocating justice for the victims; the furious uproar, immense public outrage and a large scale mobilization happened to gather attention and support from everywhere. Women, housewives took to the streets, This paper aims to analyse xxIntroductionAccording to Statistics The Anti Dowry campaign interrogated the idea of private sphere, echoed the personal is political debate used by feminists and challenged the binary of private versus public. The ‘bride burning’ that took place in close quarters became a ‘burning’ issue and the private space of one’s house was brought out in the open. What is shocking for me – As xxx most of these incidents were passed off as ‘kitchen accident’s The state’s failure to provide security to its citizens why did the state not wonder about it first? And gendered citizenship Womens groups demanded state interventionHow it startedThe protests began in Delhi in 1979In Delhi alone, close to 2755 victims between the age of 18 and 25 had died from 1979 till 1983TARVINDER KAUR INCIDENTAmong those most affected were the middle class followed by poor. People realised that what seemed to be passed off as ‘accidents’ or even ‘suicides’, were in fact murders. Young brides were constantly abused by her in-laws where the later were often dissatisfied with her or the limited dowry the brides’ family could afford. It was then that feminist activists took up the issue of torture against women demanding criminal prosecution and justice. Organisation:Mary Fainsod in her paper ‘Organizing Against Violence: Strategies of the Indian Women’s Movement'(2018) writes how Indian womens movement in its structure did not resemble its American counterpart which had a leading, central organization like NOW. Indian womens groups are often dispersed, she writes, marked by heterogeneity with no central organization and diversified agendas.The Anti Dowry campaign played a crucial part in launching Womens Movement in India. The private was brought out in the open to public and the media. With issues of violence against women coming to the forefront, this enabled Womens movement to grow and rise, devoid of politics. This freedom to express freely was evident in the media or journals such as Manushi, that wrote extensively of womens issues and became a platform for many to voice their experiences. One of the strategies that remained at the heart of Indian Womens movement and in this case, the anti-dowry campaign was its emphasis on consciousness raising. These were women, fighting for the cause of women. One of the greatest features supporting the movement was the public attention and the people support it managed to gather. Agnihotri and Mazumndar talk about how the agitation attracted tremendous media and public attention. The widespread activism endorsed big banner headlines in newspapers across the country. Phrases like ‘Atrocities Against Women’ and ‘Dowry deaths’ made front page headlines, reached far and wide, focusing people’s attention to a crime that was now on the rise. ‘Brides are not for burning’ – the slogan used caught the attention of many and the trauma that several women faced in the confines of their homes was out in the open. Now ‘kitchen accidents’ were labeled crimes and were no longer nameless xx.WOMENS experience – helped to see a woman in the larger context of a womanAbout the agitation:The agitation brought light and attention to a crime often ignoredPublic outrage was on the fence?How it was donePublic meetings, door-to-door campaigns, meetings were held. Feminist organizations sought to retain their autonomy from the state and its bureaucratic structures and focused on independent marches, campaigns, street plays, dharnas, etcThese dowry deaths (read murders) were prevalent across Hindus, Muslims and Christians. Anti dowry – Targeted at the state’s failure to provide xxAnd by doing this, “women’s groups were making an important assertion that of women’s rights as citizens” (Butalia, 2002)Flavia Agnes in her paper ‘Protecting Women against Violence? Review of a Decade of Legislation, 1980-89 writes that critics of the anti-dowry movement claim that the entire movement was incorrectly formed because “it did not link the issue of dowry with that of a woman’s property rights to their parent’s homes” Another important strategy was its engagement with law How to campaign affected change in lawDowry Prohibtion Act of 1961 defined dowry as any valuable given ‘as a consideration for marriage’ had several loopholes, exclusion of cash/ornaments and negligible punishment among others. It was amended in 1984 to valuables given ‘in connection with marriage’ powered by the outrageous protests against the law. Even as the definition changed, the amended bill remained flawed. It did not address the question of womens access to property and there was a minor increase in punishment. The amendment of 1986 made dowry a non bailable offense with a stringent punishment. NOT MUCH CHANGED, women were still burnt!! It was around the same time the Section 489-A was amended to include not just physical forms for cruelty and torture but mental too.  State is a big hinderance – a lethargic, unsupportive structure. Inspite of that, the movement successfully put pressure on the state and its legislature (Sudha goel dowry case?)))Womens OrganisationsBoth individual organizations and collective group of Dahej Virodhi Chetna Manch (DVCM) forced the government to re-access the existing law, claiming that dowry must not be viewed as an ‘isolated phenomenon’ as it is rooted in the inferior status given to a woman in the society