If the background as wives/ homemakers while men worked

If American can put aside their differences and have
an open mind to the possibilities of change then there is bound it change in
the workplace. It could be because putting their reputation on the line when
there is no actual support for taking a risk? But we must because leaders who
want real change must embrace uncertainty as the new normal. We live in
uncertain times being a role model to friends and family by teaching other how
to respect one another regardless of their gender identity. By doing this, it
is creating a safe environment to express themselves freely irrespective of
what gender stereotypes say. 

Since the very beginning of American history women
have always played a role in the background as wives/ homemakers while men
worked and were known as the providers, this has always been society’s
expectations. Now that women are trying to break the norms it’s frowned upon
because they are mostly cutting chains that have been there for centuries.

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As a final point: a message to modern society would be
to continue to fight gender stereotypes that continue to be placed on men and
women, to fight the norms and stand up for future generations to come so that
the next time a woman is running for a position in power, it wouldn’t seem
unusual. American society sticking to the old ways, according to the article
states, “Americans resist letting femininity and power go hand-in-hand; a
female leader still strikes us as unnatural on some levels.” The author goes on
to state “Soon, perhaps, a powerful woman won’t appear threatening or aspirational,
but simply normal.”

Lysistrata still remains a play with the concept for
women to have power in both sex and war. Although the Greek stereotype might
have been that women, restless in their domestic lives, had only sex on their
minds because they did not have to worry about their country, which it false when
you think about it since their sons were probably fighting in battle. After taking
a deeper look into gender differences and the way men and women are portrayed
in Lysistrata, as well as the way these characters interact with one another,
the play is indeed thought-provoking about the nature of women and war. “Men are
not the only people who keep this country or world running smoothly. It’s
obvious that if it’s just men keeping the world running, they’re not doing a
great job” (Carroll).  Just like in
Lysistrata if the women hadn’t stepped in and challenged the men at their own
game then who knows what would have become of the people; destruction at the
hands of men.

In short, it easy to make the women out as heroes in
the play because they stepped out social-constrictions placed on them, but it
doesn’t explain the context of the play. It is no mistake that Aristophanes critiques
men and their masculinity as men. Some can integrate the feminist vision; however,
he does touch on how men of his time are blinded by painfulness when it comes
to total control.

So as the modern-day interpretation of Lysistrata, while
keeping in mind to respect the past or the status quo. At a quick glance one would
assume that Lysistrata is just about
sexual relationships, but it far more than that, it’s deep look into the gender
roles being presented in the text: between men and women. Lysistrata finally can
gather all the women together, while empowering them with her speech to put a
stop to the war.

These women, from all different areas of Greece, are
coming together under a common cause despite their differences. So, what it comes
down to is even if the women can do it, then the question to why the men can’t
come together and settle their disputes is difficult to grasp. Right off the bat
it would seem that the tales of men being superior to women are false.

Throughout the play the question as to sexual violence
took place among men and women, especially rape. “they don’t enjoy these
forced/affairs” (Parker). Therefore, this means that most Greek men don’t have
any interest in raping their wives. By the way, the play is written it would
seem that the men want their wives to want them. Under the circumstances. “the
fear of rape and enslavement was often enough to spur women to kill their
children and/or to commit mass suicide rather than allow the enemies to take
control of them” (Loman 43). On the other hand, marital rape hasn’t been viewed
that way especially in in modern times. For some time, there has been a debate as
to whether marital rape should be classified or punished as severely as
non-martial rap because of the signed document between a man and a woman.

So the fact that Aristophanes empowered the Greek
women by allowing them to form a pack to which their primary goal was solidary
was out of character for women at the time due to social rules that men would
only build activities like this. So, in the play, it is shocking to find the
women behaving in such a rebellious manner like, leaving their homes and united
to fight for a common goal. “An agenda for peace must expect to face opposition
in depth and will need to think of ways of dealing with it, including ways of
making change attractive to signi?cant groups of men” (Connell 29). So, the men
did not have enough power to put an end to the women’s rebellion, giving them
the feeling that they were powerless. This could be an indication that
Aristophanes believes that women hold more power than men think.

So in Lysistrata
it would be assumed that in a way, she is saying that since the men believe
that all the women do is sit around and gossip. In a way the women know of
their power that can be earth shaking and don’t hesitate to hide it despite what
the male audience may think of them. “A role that would usually be considered
for a man was not common for family life to take precedence over all aspect of
life. For a woman to subordinate family to state was not the Athenian ideal” (Schaps
211). Women had no place in political affairs, despite if they can be used,
there was rarely any exceptions to the rule.

In most society’s women are often times have a
preconceived notion that women spend their time indoors which seemed like a
mystery for most males or in moern dasy you would call them Housewives; maybe
that why Desperate Housewives or other similar shows are so popular.  Lysistrata’s ownership of her behavior affirms
her position with the women as well as making a commentary of the stereotypes
that the men in the audience would have held.

This is a limitation that has also been noted in the
adaptation, with more detail regarding masculinity and aversion to the feminine.

When it comes to the gender roles between men and
women in the play, it is easy to judge by the modified female characters Aristophanes
had throughout the play, versus the change of the male chorus and male
characters. Consequently, it seems more likely that Lysistrata, as a female,
could bend the expected norms, instead of there being a male character that
attempts to act as a female one, “masculinity is not just a static ‘place’ in a
map of gender relations. It is an active social construction, a pattern of
social conduct – conduct that responds to the situations in which people ?nd
themselves” (Connell 29). Masculinity is not just an indication of how gender relate,
but rather it’s more of a disposition or an ideal that was culturally created
to polarize gender identities.

The same can be said for women in modern-days when it
comes to women running for a position of power or speaking on an issue that
males have dominated like work pay, it becomes comedic to most people. “But
while some women have reached the top in nearly every profession and overt discrimination
is seen by many as largely a thing of the past, women continue to face
obstacles both in their professional and personal lives” (Greenblatt). The
relationships between men and women during the time of Lysistrata aren’t
exactly the same, but are the same issues that are being faced into present time;
for example, when Hillary Clinton ran for president American went crazy over
the idea that a woman would dare run for such a position.

Bringing on the nature of the relationships between
men and women during the time that Aristophanes’ wrote Lysistrata there were specific gender roles for women that were hardly
challenged the men, which is totally contradicting because the women in Lysistrata directly oppose men, which
can be an example as to how Aristophanes’ feelings towards the Peloponnesians
War. “Women’s influence in Greece was not always, and probably not chiefly, a
matter publicly visible,” (Schaps 198), and usually, “The women, in short,
fought when attacked, but sat on the sidelines as long as they were left alone”
(Schaps 208). By women speaking out loud denouncing the war and attempting to
persuade their husbands by using dangerous tactics could have been risking in
the sense that violence could have been used against the women.

            Furthermore,
the men were the only people involved in the actual fighting in the wars while most
of the women stayed at home, it is made clear that women still had to face the
consequences of the men’s actions. The women wanted peace; they merely wanted
to return to the way their society ran. So the women wanted their men back home
and they used sex as their main form of weapon, but the goal was never to create
a huge change or to overthrow the status quo. “As a culture of peace is mainly
interaction between human beings, and the concept of peace is to a large extent
based on egalitarian relationships, equality between men and women is a crucial
condition” (Godenzi 35). It is made perfectly clear that the goal was to gain
peace while sticking to the status quo, but there can be no peace unless
something significant changes.

Even though a man wrote the female’s words, the
women’s complaints are legitimate, for example; all the men are at reproducing
age, at war, and are unable to bear children for the next generation. As
Lysistrata says, “A man, an absolute antique, comes back from the war,/and he’s
barely/doddered into town before he’s married the veriest/nymphet./But a
woman’s season is brief; it slips, and she’ll have/no husband, but sit out her
life groping at omens—/and finding no men” (Parker 401). Although, the women
have this brilliant plan to put a stop to the war and it seems sensible, but
the fact that the women want their husbands at home so that they can have and
there raise families is comedic as much as the men may think. It is odd that
the men would find this to be unreasonable because this too should be in their
interest to continue their legacy.  If
the men of the Peloponnese and Athens killed each other off, then both of their
cultures and ways of life would have collapsed, just the Green Land Vikings
collapsed for prideful reason.

Aristophanes plays on stereotypes of women based off
what men believe women to be, one way that they view women in the play that is
evident is at the very beginning in the opening statement, “Women! Announce a debauch in honor of
Bacchos… and trafficstops the streets are absolutely clogged/with frantic
females…No urging for an orgy! But today—there’s not one woman here!” (Parker
350).  This quote is evidence of how
enthusiastic for the lack of women as a serious matter, especially when it
comes to their excessive indulgence in sensual pleasures.  

In Lysistrata Aristophanes’ uses females character such
as female citizens women, young girls, and even market women, or foreigners because
the women in Lysistrata are meant to
be recognizable to the audience, but their absence the social constrictions
that women are so used to portraying is hard to for the audience to believe due
to their masculine activities. For example, the whole idea of women coming up
with the idea to end the war and the fact that they used their brains to come
up with this brilliant plan is unusual coming from a male perspective, the relationships
of particular genders is commonly recognized to be valid in the modern day, but
it is no surprise that Aristophanes was writing to a male audience, which was
not unusual at the time and it seems that he wants the characters to be likable
to his audience which is the male audience. 

The female roles in Lysistrata aren’t realistic
characters as to how when carried themselves during the time that Lysistrata
was written, but it is more of how men wanted to view them in a comedic way.
Their identity is determined by men and what they think, exaggerating their
fantasies and fears in the play. The females created by men were based off entirely
by their imagination. In Lysistrata Aristophanes’ views on women,
even if it is an unrealistic concept of female form: “In ancient Greek thought
and literature, the feminine is a theatrical phenomenon: women are shifty,
transient, insubstantial, deceptive, and imitative…. The whole concept of male
actors playing female roles does appear to take place in the play, just as it
may have taken place in the performance. “The question is whether Aristophanes’
comic purposes are not sometimes better achieved if the illusion of “men
playing women” remains intact. To my mind, this example, with its
complicated gender play within the fiction, supports the belief that
they are” (Mawr). “Femininity is represented by Aristophanes as the site of the
final comic figure: completely deceptive because ‘she’ is not real at all…
‘She’ must be given shape by a man, and everyone knows that” (Mawr). So
this means that the idea of a women playing the role of Lysistrata was found to
be laughable because the thought of a women doing this would not only be
unacceptable, but it would be unusual; therefore it only would be fitting for a
man to play the role of a female.

In most societies and cultures men play active roles
in the traditional aspect, which is that the man is the head of the household,
the primary provider, and the central authority. Most men recognize the social
norms placed upon them. The providers influence the social status and power
outside of the home. Gender norms have evolved, and now women are stepping out
and are empowering themselves just as the men have been doing for generations.
Men are adapting to these changes and social media is one of the leading
influences on changing views on social norms and constrictions. The argument
set forth here will demonstrate that Aristophanes’ representation of
male-female relationships during the time of Lysistrata is critical of the
excessive narcissism of the Greek men, challenging their authority with the
women’s sex strike. So, because of this the concept of women having any control
over what happens for her life becomes a laughing matter. Lysistrata is a
comedy with the power to influence the status quo and shed light to the
relationships and roles between men and women with meaningful dialogue.