Introduction among them about 28 thousand (51%) are male

Introduction

Bio-fertilizer

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Bio-fertilizer is a substance which contains live or
latent cells of micro-organisms which are applied to seeds or plants or soils
to fix different nutrients and make available to the plant. There are different
types of bio fertilizers used like Azatobactor, Acetobactor, Azospirrilum, PSb,
KSB etc.

 

Bio-Fertilizer in India

 

Major Companies In Bio-Fertilizer Business

1.   
Coromandel Fertilizers

2.   
Hindustan Biotech

3.   
Ajay Biotech

4.   
Tata Rallies

5.   
Saraswati Agro

6.   
International Biotech

7.   
Amar Biotech

8.   
Biostadt

9.   
KVK’s

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Profile
of Baramati Taluka

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The total geographical
area (TGA) of Baramati tahsil is 1382 sq. km., which is about 8.80 percent of
TGA of the Pune district. The population of
Baramati as per the census of 2011 is 54,415. among them about 28 thousand
(51%) are male and about 27 thousand (49%) are female.

The
population of baramati is mostly depend on the agriculture for the major income
source. The land of the baramati region is well irrigated because of the Nira
left canal, Nira river and karhamai river.

The
major crops grown in the area are Sugarcane. Jowar, Wheat, Maize, Grapes and
Pomegranate. Among this Sugarcane is the major crop because there are three
sugar factories namely Chatrapati sugar factory in Bhavani-Nagar, Malegaon
Co-op sugar factory Malegaon and Someshwar sugar Factory someshwarNagar.

Along
with that due to the presence of KVK near baramati is helping a farmer through
various new technologies and solutions which is the great contributor in the
agricultural development of Baramati .

Major Crops

 

Name of Crop

Percent area

Jowar

20

Sugarcane

21.25

Bajara

19.2

Wheat

15.76

Fodder crops

12.71

Oilseeds

2.85

Pulses

3.08

Fruits

4

Vegetables

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

List of Villages in Baramati Tehsil

 

Review of Literature

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Research Problem

1.    
Due to excess use of chemical
fertilizers the lands are degrading day by day.

2.    
Environment is getting affected due to
use of chemical fertilizers

3.    
So there is need of find out the
challenges and opportunities for use of Bio-fertilizers.

Objectives

1.   
To find out how many farmers are using
the Bio-fertilizers

2.   
To study farmers awareness about Bio-fertilizers

3.   
To find out the challenges for use of
Bio-fertilizers in Baramati Region

4.   
What are the opportunities for
Biofertilizer in the study area

 

Background
of the Study

After
Green Revolution in India the agricultural production booms at a very high rate
due to the use of chemical fertilizers and new varieties. From that time the
whole India diverted to the use of chemicals in agriculture and it benefitted a
lot, but it showing the negative impact of that in current situation on
productivity of land, Degradation of land, Quality of produce etc.

But the dependence of
agriculture on chemical uses will harm the agriculture to a greater extent and
loss the soil quality.

For that the Government
of India promoting the use of Bio-fertilizers in agriculture. These
Bio-fertilizers have multiple benefits on the soil and it is also easy to use
and cheaper in price.

These Bio-fertilizers
are naturally occurring in nature and used 100 years ago as a naturally
occurring manure, In ancient times farmers were using but they don’t know the
composition but they use to apply in field and they known its benefits.

But in recent years the
agriculture is went towards chemicals which are synthetic and prepared in the
chemical laboratories, it increased a yield but in recent 10 years it is
showing negative impact on different factors like soil, environment, human
health, animal health and  on future
growth also.

Due to that the farmers
are again interested in Bio-fertilizers as a option for synthetic chemical
fertilizers.

 

Research Methodology

 

The study includes the
farmers survey against the Awareness, use, problems in Bio-fertilizers use was
carried out in Month of December 2017.

The topic was selected
with the discussion with mentor with the some objectives. Objectives of survey
are to find the awareness and use of Bio-fertilizers in the Baramati region.

 

Sources of Data

Primary and Secondary
data is collected to meet the specified objectives of the research

Primary Data

Primary data were
collected from the farmers of different villages with the help of
Questionnaire. The questions like Land holding, Crops grown, Bio-fertilizers
using or not, reasons for not using  of
Bio-fertilizers, which Bio-fertilizers used, Reasons, Benefits of
Bio-fertilizer using, Awareness of Bio-fertilizers etc.

 And also asked for their suggestions on
Bio-fertilizers and what needs to be done to improve the use of
Bio-fertilizers.

Secondary Data

Secondary data about
Bio-fertilizers were collected from different websites, government websites, pages
and research papers to know the sector very well and to see the what was
happened in the recent years.

Sampling Method