Overpopulation so fast. Not only are there more people

Overpopulation is a growing problem across the planet, and it has many negative effects to our environment. A lot of people focus on other environmental problems, but overpopulation is something that needs more attention. It is one of the root causes for issues like global warming. We are depleting our world of the natural resources we depend on and it is just getting worse every year. Earth has a limit for how much life it can sustain, and we are getting closer to full capacity. If we don’t do something about overpopulation, it will likely be the end of us. It took 1800 years for the population of our planet to reach 1 billion, and 200 years later we were at 7 billion. We hit that 7 billion mark in 2011, and the United Nations estimates we will hit 8 billion by 2024. That is crazy when you compare it to the other big landmarks. The growth of our population is exponential, and it has really showed that in the past 50 years or so. There are quite a few reasons our population is growing so fast. Not only are there more people meaning more births, but death is a lot less “common” now. Advancements in technology means better medical services, we now have cures and vaccines to diseases that used to kill thousands. It’s also easier for people in less-developed countries to now immigrate to other countries. Where they can get a good education and overall just have a better quality of life. However, here in America we consume way more than we need, which doesn’t help the problem at all. The first big effect of overpopulation is the loss of natural resources To account for our growing population, we are cutting down forests, causing lots of pollution, and making lots of species become endangered. Although trees are a renewable resource, we are cutting them down faster than we are growing them back. Deforestation doesn’t just affect us either, tons of species are becoming endangered due to their habitats being destroyed. According to National Geographic, a whopping 80% of Earth’s land animals and plants live in forests. An increasing population with decreasing resources is not good, there just isn’t enough resources to go around for everybody.  Another effect of overpopulation is the degradation of the environment. The overuse of oil, coal, and natural gas has some serious effects on our environment. More vehicles on the roads and more industries badly affects our quality of air. More CO2 emissions leads to global warming, as well as other problems for humans and for the environment. According to the Scientific American news site, the impacts of global warming just become bigger as developing countries contribute to global emissions.  With an increasing population there is more demand for energy and that causes more pollution to the Earth. One last big effect of overpopulation is water scarcity.  According to the United Nations the planet is in the midst of a “Global Water Crisis” 75% of the Earth is covered in water, 97.5% of that is ocean and 2.5% is freshwater. 70% of that freshwater is glaciers/ice caps and the remaining 30% is land surface water. (rivers, lakes, ponds, etc.) Most of those freshwater resources are unreachable or too polluted leaving less that 1% of the world’s freshwater, or about 0.003% of all water on Earth, readily accessible for direct human use.  That is not a lot of water, especially for a population growing as fast as we are. The U.N has also produced a report that states that by 2030, nearly half of the world’s population will be living in areas of acute water shortage. Freshwater is a fundamental finite resource that we are consuming at least 10 times faster than it is being replenished.In conclusion, overpopulation is a huge problem, and it poses a threat to the future of the human race and to our planet as a whole. It is a problem that is difficult to stop but it can be lessened. Some solutions to overpopulation have already been proposed. In countries like China, the government has put in policies that regulate the number of children allowed to a couple. Some leaders and environmentalists are suggesting that the United Nations implements a policy like China’s globally. It would help control and reduce overpopulation a lot. Others have even explored the idea of building space habitats in asteroid belts and such as solutions to sustain current population growth rates. Overall educating the public on the problem of overpopulation and just spreading awareness can help a lot. If we act on the issue now before it is too late, the future can look better for mankind. Works CitedDeforestation and Its Effect on the Planet. (2017, July 25). Retrieved January 15, 2018, from https://www.nationalgeographic.com/environment/global-warming/deforestation/Does Population Growth Impact Climate Change? (n.d.). Retrieved January 15, 2018, from https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/population-growth-climate-change/Overpopulation: Causes, Effects and Solutions. (2017, April 12). Retrieved January 15, 2018, from https://www.conserve-energy-future.com/causes-effects-solutions-of-overpopulation.php(n.d.). Retrieved January 15, 2018, from http://www.everythingconnects.org/fresh-water.html