p.p1 to plant this important crop. Also, Indonesia’s local

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Singapore is an
urban jungle located in a tropical area and has a rainforest biome (http://gseweb.gse.buffalo.edu/fas/yerrick/ubscience/UB_Science_Education_Goes_to_School/Sungei_Buloh.html).

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Though tropical rainforests are typically filled with a vast array of flora and
fauna, forests in Singapore have been cleared at an alarming rate mainly for
the purpose of agriculture. Singapore’s small land area has continuously been a
major issue, which further triggers deforestation to fulfill economic purposes.

According to Singapore Nature Society, Singapore only has approximately 3% of
its tropical rainforests left (https://blogs.ntu.edu.sg/hp331-2014-37/?page_id=23).

In terms of its flora and fauna, Singapore has lost “4,866 plants, 627
butterflies, 234 fish, 111 reptiles and 91 mammals over the last 200
years” (https://blogs.ntu.edu.sg/hp331-2014-37/?page_id=170). 

Similarly, Indonesia also has a rainforest biome, specifically the
semi-arid and humid tropical biomes (https://indonesiafoodsecurityinquiry.weebly.com/about.html).

These biomes are both degrading at a rapid pace, in which Indonesia’s
deforestation rate is the highest in the world (https://indonesiafoodsecurityinquiry.weebly.com/about.html).

Indonesia has relied on rice as its staple food since a very long time, which
means that huge areas of land are required to plant this important crop.  Also, Indonesia’s local farmers often utilize
fires because they spread quickly. Hence, explaining the large amounts of
forests being cleared. Not only clearing land, forest fires in Indonesia have a
very devastating effect to surrounding food chains, water cycles and soil
fertility. Other factors that contribute to the loss of rainforests in
Indonesia include, construction of roads by logging companies, oil palm trees
plantations, rubber extractions for tires and the logging of acacia and
eucalyptus trees to make paper (https://kids.mongabay.com/slideshows/indonesian-rainforest-tour/).