Political time, many regions are experiencing frequent drought, storms

Political and financial instability is on the rise in many regions of the world. Starving population in need of food as a result of the uncontrollable starvation and the threat of death has been streaming in the media. At the same time, many regions are experiencing frequent drought, storms and unbearable heat because of global climatic change. Gradually there have been a variety of food systems from time to time. History reveals that between the years of 1500-1750, humans used to hunt and grow food for their own consumption and in case they harvested more for themselves, they could exchange for other goods like spices, minerals with colonies. One of the problem they faced was a language barrier since they were from different races.       However, after World War II, the productivity food regime was formed. This system has helped to promote more food in everyone’s diet and has also aided in solving problems like malnutrition. There has been an introduction of sugar, fats and other food products by industries in many countries. Despite all these, evolution world hunger is still there and it is a major problem that a large portion of the world’s population faces today. There is a myth that says “world hunger is experienced all over despite sufficient global food resources that are there”, meaning increased production of food is not the solution. (Graham, and Tiina and Silvasti 12) The problem is that many people are too poor to buy food that is readily available. So, measures that would help people living in poverty, will in turn help solve hunger. Hunger, in this case, varies with severity and can be described as the lack of food.World hunger is a problem that has existed for much of recorded history and is fading away with time because it has been brought up in many conversations. World hunger has many principal causes and aggravating factors. The main ones being climate changes, misinformation and insufficient economic systems. Poverty, however, is the main debilitating factor that leads to hunger as it leads to people going without meals since they cannot afford to eat. There is a large number of people in the world, mostly in the developing countries that are in desperate need of food. Whether a nation is poor or rich, there are always people dealing with hunger and poverty; most of the victims, in this case, being young children. Hunger is a devastating issue that needs to be dealt with, mostly in the developing countries.While working with the Oregon Food Bank, I learned that hunger in Oregon is more common than most would think. The most popular factors of hunger are poverty, unemployment, health problems, and insurance costs. Strong social networks help families and individuals stay afloat. The 2015 Federal Poverty Level (FPL) for a household of four is $24,250. 72% of the clients at the food bank here live in poverty. Fewer people are unemployed, but that does not mean fewer hungry people. Continued high costs of living and stagnant wages are reasons for family food insecurity. 36% of households have someone who is disabled and unable to work. Food pantry recipients suffer from diet-related diseases, such as high blood pressure and diabetes, at a higher rate than the general public. 48% of households have one or more member with high blood pressure. While more individuals and children are covered by the Oregon Health Plan or Basic Health Washington, medical costs remain high. 39% say highest source of family debt is medical bills. Demand for food assistance remains at historically high levels. Households receiving SNAP (formerly known as food stamps) is steady, yet it’s not enough to feed our neighbors. 90% of clients on SNAP say it doesn’t last the whole month (Statistics listed on food bank website). My time spent volunteering here humbled me and made me realize not only how blessed I am, but how easy it is to reach out with a helping hand. Simply spending three hours packaging frozen peas fed over 5,000 people.Many people all over the world die because of starvation and hunger every single day. As the population grows, the number of hungry people also increases, mainly in the developing countries. Unfortunately, people go days and sometimes weeks with no food as a result of their despairing conditions (Hickel and Jason 747). To combat hunger, we need to first consider poverty, which is the primary cause of world hunger in both poor and rich countries, rural or urban areas. Many people who are living not knowing when their next meal will be make $1.25 per day or less, which is not nearly enough to meet their basic needs. Smallholder farmers in developing countries are the largest group in poverty today. This is because the land to grow food is not large enough for themselves, and they earn so little from what they sell; hence not able to eat a balanced food diet and others can get diseases such as kwashiorkor. The affected countries are Somali in Africa, Ethiopia and northern parts of Kenya. Most people are not hungry because there is no food; rather the food available is much too expensive for the average person. Many developing countries lack enough resources and trade to promote wealth contributing to hunger problems. The scarcity of resources in these countries is a major factor that contributes to world hunger. Chronic hunger happens when income is distributed unequally. Climate change is another factor that leads to world hunger in most countries. Heavy rainfall can potentially lead to flooding, which can later ruin the entire harvest. Flooding affects the amount of food produced in the market and raises the cost of farm products. Many developing countries depend on farmers, so weather change can make it difficult for people to survive in these nations. Climate change ruins the chances for farmers to grow crops. In Africa, most farmers harvest little, due to lack of enough knowledge on how to manage their crops. The poorest countries are the ones experiencing the impacts or the effects. This change of climate is damaging water and food in many ways, and it is one of the greatest challenge that the world has ever faced. The main success of solving this challenge is determined whether the end of hunger in the world remains in our mind sets. Giving everyone food on Earth would be an enormous challenge without climate change. It is expected that the population will rise 9 billion by the end of the century, hence the agricultural production is expected to rise by 70 percent in order to keep up with the pace of the growing population (Fan, and Shenggen 13). Poor infrastructure is another cause of hunger in the world, since transporting food to areas affected by drought is becoming impossible unless done by means of air. People are dying of hunger in one region, while in another there is plenty. Due to poor roads however, they are not able to get food to survive. For the crops to grow they need water, but irrigation infrastructure has been a challenge to most farmers in developing countries, this leading to hunger and malnutrition. Women and girls spend most of their time fetching water to irrigate the plants, therefore they are away from other productive activities that can make their lives better. Girls are also out of school and therefore it becomes a loss to them.      The second last factor is job instability, where workers are paid too little to meet their daily needs, causing them to drop below the poverty line, that leading to a struggle to put food on the table. Hunger strikes mostly increase when the country’s economy is in a slump, and even when it improves, there are people still struggling to find jobs. For instance, people who were previously in prison face immense discrimination when they re-enter a community due to the negative behavior they had before, and therefore it becomes a challenge for them to get job and conflict. The last factor is war and conflict. The most affected people are the poor in society who suffer during war and conflict since the government appears to ignore them. Their homes are destroyed and eventually displaced, hence lacking the basic needs therefore poverty. The government does not consider these people immediately and they are left wandering looking for food and a job. Some start bad behaviors like stealing from the community since they were left with no other option. However, there are ways of controlling hunger so to save lives farmers with consumers in developing countries is another policy that will help them be in a position to provide food for their families, alleviating this epidemic. People in developed countries need to contribute to organizations that have been created to help end world hunger in developing countries. The government should create more job opportunity for the youth, this will help to reduce poverty and hence development of the country.