The a very crucial to child welfare because figuring

The topic I chose was the determinants of the child welfare to juvenile justice transition among maltreated children and adolescents. I believe that this is a very crucial to child welfare because figuring out what risk factors contribute to children being shifted to the juvenile justice system. Gaining knowledge and being thoroughly educated on this matter could greatly make a positive impact and potentially reduce the amount of adolescents going to “juve” as an indirect result of their upbringing and environment. Keeping our youth out of the justice system can go a long way when it comes to fostering and building a solid foundation for the next generation of potential leaders, politicians, business men and women, lawyers, doctors, etcetera. This article is about the adversities children in the child welfare system face and how those factors directly affect children when it comes to the transition to the juvenile justice system. This topic is particularly fascinating when you look at how many children end up in the system and how they are treated as well as the environment and social factors can ultimately influence them. It also goes over how those negative influences can transition them from the welfare system to the juvenile justice system. The question this article was trying to answer wasn’t an actual question but more of an inquiry as to what the correlation is between child/adolescent delinquency and their previous maltreatment from parents, guardians, and/or caregivers. It also goes over how that correlates to their eventual arrests for various violent and nonviolent crimes. The transition from the welfare to the juvenile systems isn’t often one that happens on accident, so the study does seek to figure out the patterns of risk involved, the chronic and severity of the maltreatment, the adverse family environment, as well as the social risk factors and how all of those combined compound and contribute to the transition for children and adolescents.The authors in this article did some research and actually found that in a couple of studies that in fact the association between maltreatment and delinquency has strong empirical evidence. In this case study and plenty of others done by scientists and professionals in this field, it was found that maltreatment children were more likely to engage in delinquent behaviors. The subjects include all children who have already transitioned from welfare to juve, the backgrounds of those children such as race or socioeconomic class, and the family environment and how that dynamic affected their delinquent behavior. Before I delve deep into the findings, the study basically as expected had a hypothesis that the more exposure youngsters had to adverse experiences, including chronic and severe maltreatment, prior victimization, parental substance use, domestic violence, and poverty, would significantly increase the risk of transition into the juve system. Furthermore, the authors/scientists behind the study hypothesized that the racial and minority children that were maltreated were at even more of a risk of being transferred from system to system. So, back to the findings, the sample had 10, 850 maltreated children. Out of that number, 2.5 percent had juve involvement within an average of 6.4 years of being initially referred to the child protective services for maltreatment. On average, those children were 14.2 years old during their first first delinquency adjudication. Fortunately out of all the children who crossed over, a majority, 85% of them, got away with just probation, however the other 15% ended up being placed in a secure juvenile facility. The “crossover” group as defined by the researchers as the group of children who transitioned from the child welfare system to the juvenile justice system, wasn’t as diverse which was expected and hypothesized. It ended up being more boys (75%) who crossed over, more black children in the crossover group versus the child welfare only group than white children, and finally the crossover group was generally older overall during the reported index maltreatment incident versus the welfare only group. The finding from the study as a whole that surprised me the most was actually when the researchers found that maltreated children living with families where they were exposed to domestic violence or parental substance use contributed significantly to the eventual transition to the juvenile system. I would think that if there is a maltreated child in the home where domestic violence or drug use/abuse is a fixture, those children would be more prone to commiting crimes somewhat related to that and engaging in those delinquent behaviors rather early. Although I don’t recall an scenario that we went over this exact subject in class, we did go over the concept of child maltreatment as a whole and we know as a society, race and socioeconomic class define where you end up and how well you get treated. When you have black children, who already have a substantially higher rate of being incarcerated and running into trouble with the law, you take those kids and you physically, mentally, and psychologically abuse them, it puts them at even greater risk for retaliation and delinquency. One study I read on the side to complement this article was actually talking about how even though african americans put themselves in harm, the system also has measures in place to make the playing level uneven. It allows for poor minority families to come under scrutiny and, honestly, that can attribute to the community violence among african americans. Race is an problem in our society even though we are a first world country where we preach freedom and a easy way to live life without facing scrutiny at every corner. Unfortunately like the rest of this epidemic, even with child maltreatment, this is yet another factor that makes us wonder when we will fix the system because it affects us from the top down and reduces the number of successful youth we have in the future leading what will be left of this great nation. Our greatest concern should be ensuring the youth, regardless of color, should have a fair opportunity to succeed instead of being caught up in the juvenile system, and eventually the adult justice system. A scenario I noticed in the book, much like Ashley’s stint in the Moss home, the mental health service needs of parents and other caregivers have been shown to be predictive of parenting quality and family instability, which in turn is predictive of a child’s involvement in delinquent behavior. A large proportion of caregivers of youths involved with the juvenile justice and child welfare systems are deemed to be in need of mental health services themselves. The Moss’s weren’t fit for any kind of parenting, child fostering, or even caregiving for anybody. That home was horrific to read and visualize, and that kind of scenario is one we cannot blame on race, but can blame on the system. My group discussed this in our final meeting as one thing we all felt needed major improvement. Making sure that children are given a chance by ensuring they are adequately taken of for as long as they are in the child welfare system, and secondly, by finding them permanent homes as quickly as possible so they can build back up that emotional aspect of their lives with loving and caring parents who are willing to take care of them and love them unconditionally permanently. Now generally, I don’t know the rules for adoption but I assume you need to prove to the state that you have a caring home and are a steady stable parent. If all is said and done, the idea is that permanent homes are ones that will keep the child(ren) out of trouble and give them a chance to go to school, succeed, and live their own prosperous lives. The model children in the system that eventually find permanent homes like Ashley, go on to do big things, and don’t end up in the juvenile system or incarcerated. Obviously, this can’t be true for every child but that is the idea and I know a few adopted people and they are doing great for where they are in life, and ultimately that is the end goal for everybody.This article has plenty of strengths and limitations. The regression analyses were correlational, and thus causality can’t really be inferred. Relatedly, although the findings show significant associations between risk factors, including social risks, recurrence of maltreatment, and poverty, and the crossover, the mechanisms that these relationships operate weren’t directly examined closely. Another thing the article was limited was that it was that there were data limitations, like for example, if a child was put in the juvenile system before the age of 10, it wouldn’t have been caught in the data, and that also could’ve affected the data slightly. The article had plenty of strengths, I believe having multiple authors and numerous sources and studies to be able to dissect is greatly beneficial. It helps us, as readers, and the researchers find out what hypothesis worked and which ones didn’t. Another thing this article did extremely well was not only did they distinguish the crossover group, but they broke that group down into the types of maltreatment that caused the crossover, as well as breaking the different types of abuse down by race.This article will go a long way in helping preventing child maltreatment. Like I always say, it is hard to find a solution without pinpointing and fully understanding the problem itself. Being as detailed as this article was with the subjects and parameters, it definitely helps when we try to figure out how to prevent and target certain groups of children that could end up potentially being crossed over, and prevent that crossover from happening. As far as treatment, same rules apply. We now know what groups of children are at most risk, it’s the diligent work of the social workers to make sure to keep an even closer eye